It is a tributary of the Orinoco River, which actually form a natural canal between the Amazon River. Irrigated by the world's largest river systems, the world's largest area of rainforest can also be found on this continent within the Amazon River basin. Apart from having some of the world longest rivers here, South America also, has a few big lakes that are unique. Lake Titicaca and Lake Poopó located in the Andes are some of the world's highest elevated navigable lakes.
Due to its length of 7,400 kilometers, South America has several types of climates. With a major part of South America lying along the equatorial band, a hot and humid tropical climate characterize this region. Southward, crossing the Tropic of Capricorn, you will find the climate here ranges from cool to cold depending on the time of the year.
The varieties of climates here also give South America some of its most famous vegetation landscape. The Amazon Rainforest, the flat Pampas of Argentina famous for its juicy beef, the Gran Chaco (which means “hunting ground” in Quechua) of Paraguay are all the results of the diversity of climates that are found on this continent.
The Spanish language represents the official language of nine of the Sovereign nations on the Continent whereas for Brazil, Portuguese is the official language. For Guyana, English is the official language, French for French Guiana and Dutch for Suriname. Of all the Native American languages that are in South America, Aymara, Guaraní, and Quechua are the ones most widely spoken. The Latin Americans are actually quite proud of their ancestry in fact so much so that Guarani is also an official language of Paraguay apart from Spanish. Despite its diversity in ethnology, 90 percent of the population in South America practices the Roman Catholic faith. The Protestants are mainly to be found in Chile and Brazil.
The railways and roads systems represent the major modes of transportations in South America due to their abilities to carry bulk goods and large numbers of passengers. Although the land transportations systems dominate most parts of South America, the rivers transport networks, plays an important part too, in countries like Argentina, Chile and Brazil. The Air transports system is also an important part of the transportation networks system of South America, which has been developing rapidly after the Second World War.